Frequently Asked Questions
How do you get COVID-19?
COVID-19 is a disease caused by a virus called SARS-CoV-2. Most people
with COVID-19 have mild
symptoms, but some people can become severely ill. Although most people with COVID-19
get better within weeks of illness, some people experience post-COVID
conditions. Post-COVID conditions are a wide range of new, returning,
or ongoing health problems people can experience more than four weeks
after first being infected with the virus that causes COVID-19. Older
people and those who have certain
underlying medical conditions are more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.
What are symptoms of COVID-19?
People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported - ranging
from mild symptoms to severe illness. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after
exposure to the virus. Anyone can have mild to severe symptoms. People
with these symptoms may have COVID-19:
- Fever or chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- New loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nose
- Nausea or vomiting
This list does not include all possible symptoms. Older adults and people
who have severe underlying medical conditions like heart or lung disease
or diabetes seem to be at higher risk for developing more serious complications
from COVID-19 illness.
If you are experiencing these symptoms and think you have or have been
exposed to COVID-19,
DO NOT go directly to your doctor's office or an urgent care location without
first calling to alert them to your possible COVID-19 exposure or infection. This helps our team stay healthy while we focus on treating our neighbors
and preventing further exposure.
Look for emergency warning signs for COVID-19. If someone is showing any
of these signs,
seek emergency medical care immediately:
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- New confusion or inability to arouse
- Bluish lips or face
How does COVID-19 spread?
COVID-19 spreads when an infected person breathes out droplets and very
small particles that contain the virus. These droplets and particles can
be breathed in by other people or land on their eyes, noses, or mouth.
In some circumstances, they may contaminate surfaces they touch. People
who are closer than 6 feet from the infected person are most likely to
COVID-19 is spread in three main ways:
- Breathing in air when close to an infected person who is exhaling small
droplets and particles that contain the virus.
- Having these small droplets and particles that contain virus land on the
eyes, nose, or mouth, especially through splashes and sprays like a cough
- Touching eyes, nose, or mouth with hands that have the virus on them.
For more information about how COVID-19 spreads, visit the
How COVID-19 Spreads page to learn how COVID-19 spreads and how to protect yourself.
How do I get tested for COVID-19?
CaroMont Health offers COVID-19 and Antibody testing in most primary care
offices. You can also visit your
local health department’s website to look for the latest local information
on testing. If you have symptoms of COVID-19 and want to get tested, call
your healthcare provider first.
I have a trip planned. What do I do?
At this time, we recommend reassessing your upcoming trip, and limiting
any nonessential travel. The CDC has outlined additional measures for
anyone planning to travel abroad. Review their guidelines
Is it still safe to come to the hospital as a visitor?
To help protect the health of our patients and employees, CaroMont Health
has expanded visitor restrictions for CaroMont Regional Medical Center,
the Birthplace and CaroMont Medical Group. Restrictions are in accordance
with the latest guidance from federal, state and local health officials
and are aimed at helping control the spread of respiratory illnesses,
like Coronavirus (COVID-19).
Click here for more information.
Is there a vaccine?
Yes. Currently, three vaccines are authorized and recommended to prevent
COVID-19 infection, hospitalization and death:
All CaroMont Health primary care offices offer COVID-19 vaccines by appointment.
here to find a location near you.
What is in the COVID-19 vaccine?
Vaccine ingredients can vary by manufacturer. Here are the ingredients
in each COVID-19 vaccine:
Are the COVID-19 vaccines safe?
Yes. COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective. All COVID-19 vaccines were evaluated in tens of thousands of participants
in clinical trials. The vaccines met the U.S. Food & Drug Administration’s
(FDA) rigorous scientific standards for safety, effectiveness and manufacturing
quality needed to support emergency use authorization (EUA).
Nearly 350 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine have been given in the United
States since they were authorized for emergency use by the FDA. These
vaccines have undergone and will continue to undergo the most intensive
safety monitoring in U.S. history. This monitoring includes using both
established and new safety monitoring systems to make sure that COVID-19
vaccines are safe.
Were these vaccines made from fetal cells or fetal cell lines?
Pzifer-BioNTech does not include any aborted fetal cells and fetal cell lines were not
used to produce or manufacture the vaccine.
Moderna does not include any aborted fetal cells and fetal cell lines were not
used to produce or manufacture the vaccine.
Janssen/Johnson & Johnson does not include any aborted fetal cells; however, fetal cell cultures,
specifically PER.C6 (a retinal cell line that was isolated from a terminated
fetus in 1985) were used to produce and manufacture this vaccine.
I heard the vaccines are not approved by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration
(FDA). Is that true?
The FDA has granted full licensure (approval) for the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.
The Moderna vaccine is expected to receive full licensure in the next several
weeks. Moderna and the Janssen/Johnson & Johnson vaccine are approved
for use by the FDA under an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA). An EUA
is one of several tools the FDA is using to help make certain medical
products available quickly during the COVID-19 pandemic. In certain emergencies,
the FDA can issue an EUA to provide access to medical products that may
be used to help treat new illness/conditions to save or improve lives.
If the vaccine is approved under an EUA, does that mean it wasn’t
fully tested for safety?
NO. COVID-19 vaccines were evaluated in tens of thousands of participants
in clinical trials. The vaccines met the FDA’s rigorous scientific
standards for safety, effectiveness, and manufacturing quality needed
to support emergency use authorization.
Nearly 350 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines have been given in the United
States since they were authorized for emergency use by the FDA and severe
side effects are extremely rare. These vaccines have undergone and will
continue to undergo the most intensive safety monitoring in U.S. history.
Were the COVID-19 vaccines rushed?
NO. Development of COVID-19 vaccines happened quickly for a number of reasons.
- SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) was a new virus, but it belongs to a family of viruses
(coronavirus) with similar traits. Scientists have studied other coronaviruses
for 50 years, so they already had an immense amount of scientific research
and data about how the coronaviruses work. Having this information available
allowed vaccine developers to work more quickly.
The FDA states, “There is no predetermined timeline for vaccine development. Typically,
the better the scientific understanding of a pathogen and the disease
it causes, the more efficient vaccine development.”
- Researchers have been developing and researching an mRNA vaccine platform
for more than 10 years. In fact, the first human trials of various mRNA
vaccines began in 2006 and long-term effects of non-COVID mRNA vaccines
have been thoroughly studied. That allowed PfizerBioNTech and Moderna
to start using that technology immediately to begin developing a COVID-19 vaccine.
- Due to the global impact of COVID-19, there were tremendous resources (funding,
manpower, attention) put into developing these vaccines. Additionally,
many of the world’s top scientists, researchers, medical experts
and health organizations worked together, making COVID-19 their sole focus
- this is the first time in history a vaccine has received this level
of support from around the world.
- Advances in science and medicine over the last several decades have “sped
up” the pace of many medical advancements. This does not mean those
developments and advancements are rushed. Instead, it means that experts
have access to information, equipment and technology that allows them
to develop and produce vaccines more quickly and with better efficacy.
Is a COVID-19 booster dose required?
Booster shots and additional doses are not approved nor recommended at
Are the vaccines effective against the Delta variant?
study published in The New England Journal of Medicine
found, effectiveness of two doses (Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna) was 93.7%
among persons with the alpha variant and 88.0% among those with the delta variant.
Can a person with COVID-19 infection be vaccinated?
Yes, you should be vaccinated regardless of whether you already had COVID-19.
That’s because experts do not yet know how long you are protected
from getting sick again after recovering from COVID-19. Even if you have
already recovered from COVID-19, it is possible-although rare-that you
could be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 again. Studies have
shown that vaccination provides a strong boost in protection in people
who have recovered from COVID-19. Learn more about
why getting vaccinated is a safer way to build protection than getting infected.
If you were treated for COVID-19 with monoclonal antibodies or convalescent
plasma, you should wait 90 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine. Talk
to your doctor if you are unsure what treatments you received or if you
have more questions about getting a COVID-19 vaccine.
If you or your child has a history of multisystem inflammatory syndrome
in adults or children (MIS-A or
MIS-C), consider delaying vaccination until you or your child have recovered
from being sick and for 90 days after the date of diagnosis of MIS-A or
MIS-C. Learn more about the
clinical considerations people with a history of multisystem MIS-C or MIS-A.
Can pregnant people be vaccinated?
Yes, COVID-19 vaccination is recommended for all people 12 years and older,
people who are pregnant, breastfeeding, trying to get pregnant now, or might become pregnant in
the future. You might want to have a conversation with your healthcare
provider about COVID-19 vaccination. While such a conversation might be
helpful, it is not required before vaccination. Learn more about
vaccination considerations for people who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
If I am fully vaccinated, do I still need to wear a mask?
After you are fully vaccinated for COVID-19 you can resume many activities without wearing a mask or staying six feet
if you are indoors in public and you are in an area
of substantial or high transmission.
- or where required by federal, state, local, tribal, or territorial laws,
rules, and regulations, including local business and workplace guidance.